Supreme Court of Pakistan

AUTHORITIES
  1. The Supreme Court of Pakistan is the highest appellate court of the country and court of last resort. It is the final arbiter of the law and the Constitution. Its orders/decisions are binding on all other courts in the country. All executive and judicial authorities are bound to act in aid of the Supreme Court.
  2. The Constitution of 1956 contains elaborate provisions on the composition, jurisdiction, powers and functions of the Court. The qualifications for and mode of appointment of judges, the age of retirement, the grounds and procedure for removal and the terms and conditions of service of judges are elaborately prescribed.
  3. The Constitution provides for the independence of judiciary and its separation from the executive. The Constitution assigns the Supreme Court a unique responsibility of maintaining harmony and balance between the three pillars of the State, namely, the Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary. As guardian of the Constitution, the Court is required to preserve, protect and defend this basic document.
  4. The Supreme Court was created under the Constitution of 1956. It succeded the Federal Court, set up in 1948, which was successor to the Federal Court of India, established in 1937. Since its creation in 1956, the Supreme Court has retained its name and jurisdiction through the successive legal instruments including the Constitution of 1973.
Address :
Supreme Court of Pakistan, Constitution Avenue, G-5/2 Islamabad, Pakistan
mail@scp.gov.pk
+92 5192 20 581-600
+92 5192 13 452
Head
H.E. Mr. Mian Saqib Nisa (Chief Justice)
Members Composition

H.E. Mr. Asif Saeed Khan Khosa

H.E. Mr. Ejaz Afzal Khan

H.E. Mr. Gulzar Ahmed

H.E. Mr. Sh. Azmat Saeed

H.E. Mr. Mushir Alam

H.E. Mr. Dost Muhammad Khan

H.E. Mr. Umar Ata Bandial

H.E. Mr. Qazi Faez Isa

H.E. Mr. Maqbool Baqar

H.E. Mr. Manzoor Ahmad Malik

H.E. Mr. Sardar Tariq Masood

H.E. Mr.  Faisal Arab

H.E. Mr. Ijaz Ul Ahsan

H.E. Mr. Mazhar Alam Khan Miankhel

H.E. Mr. Sajjad Ali Shah

Secretary General
Mr. Arbab Muhammad Arif (Registrar)
Structure

1.   REGISTRY

The Registrar of Supreme Court of Pakistan has been vested with immense administrative, executive and judicial powers. He is appointed by the Chief Justice of Pakistan, in Basic Pay Scale 22, under Para I of the Schedule of the Supreme Court (Appointment of Officers and Servants and Terms and Conditions of Service) Rules, 1982, by transfer or deputation of an officer of equallent rank serving under the Federal or a Provincial Government or by promotion of an officer of the Supreme Court or of a High Court serving in BPS-20 or 21 on regular basis or by direct recruitment from amongst the members of the Bar with at least ten years’ standing experience. The Registrar enjoys the same pay scale, rank, status and perks and privileges as may from time to time, be prescribed for the post of Federal Secretary to the Federal Government of Pakistan.

 

In other words, all the powers conferred upon the Hon’ble Chief Justice of Pakistan under Article 177 of the Constitution in accordance with Article 175A of the Constitution, are indirectly excercised by the Registrar subject to the orders of and by the Chief Justice and the Judges (Full Court). Order IIII Rules I of the Supreme Court Rules, 1980 provides that the Registrar shall be the executive head of the Court. He is the administrative and executive head as well as the representative/Focal Person and Public Relations Officer for the Court.

 

The Registrar is assisted by Additional Registrars, Deputy Registrars, Assistant Registrars and other staff of around 650 people in administrations of day to day affairs both on the judicial and administation side.

 

 

2.   OFFICES OF THE SUPREME COURT

The Supreme Court of Pakistan has Principal seat at Islamabad and four Branch Registries at four Provincial Capitals i.e. Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar and Quetta. The Branch Registries are headed by Deputy Registrar or Assistant Registrar depending upon the workload. Regular Benches of the Court are constituted to hear cases at Principal seat as well as at Branch registries in order to facilitate the litigants and the counsels.

 

 

3.   RESEARCH WING

A specially wing for research and analysis has been provided in the Supreme Court to carry out extensive and detailed legal analysis of case and citation of relevant cases of law from judiciaries of other countries. Research officers and law Clerks have been assigned the task of research to facilitate the Hon’ble Judges.

 

 

4.   IT SECTION

Keeping in view the significance of the Information Technology in relating to judicial work, a separate IT Section has been setup in the Court. Its main responsibilites include:

-   Designing and creation of database

-   Deployment and configuration databases on the server amchines

-   Assigning of user privileges on the databases

-   Requirement analysis, development and deployment of application software

-   Maintenance of software

 

 

5.   HUMAN RIGHTS CELL

To provide and expeditious and inexpensive remedy in matters relating to infringements of Fundamental Rights enshrined in Chapter II of the Constitution, a dedicated Human Right Cell has been established in the Court. The Cell headed by a Director General functions under the direct supervision of the Hon’ble Chief Justice of Pakistan. It is mandated to expeditiously process the complaints and grievances received from the general public by post addresed to the Hon’ble Chief Justice of Pakistan. Reports and commetns are called from the concerned quarters under the orders of the Hon’ble Chief Justice of Pakistan and the matters disposed of. The cases requiring hearing arer fixed in Court and are decided there. Relief is provided to the poor persons without going throught the traditional protracted litigation process. Quick provisions of relief to the common man without any expense has generated a high degree of trust and confidence of the general public in the judiciary as a qhole and the apex Court in particular. The Human Rights exercise has also played a pivotal role in eliminating social evils like Vani, Karo-Kari, dangerous kite-flying etc, which were rampant in the society to the detriment of the common man.

 

 

6.  SUPREME COURT MUSEUM

The idea of Supreme Court Museum was dreamt inyear 2010 by the then Chief Justice Hon’ble Mr. Justice Tassaduq Hussain Jillani and completed in June 2016. The Supreme Court Museum serves as an invaluable repository for preserving the Judicial History of Post and pre-Independence era for future

 

 

7.   LIBRARY OF SUPREME COURT

The Library of the Supreme Court of Pakistan is an official and principal research and reference repository of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. Since its establishment, it has become one of the noted and reliable law libraries in the country, with resources that span the ages and cover virtually every jurisdiction and history of law. Currently the library has a collection of around 80,000 books on a variety of topics including legal textbooks, law reports, research journals and books on general topics. Almost all the local law reports are available from the date of their publication.